Getting Out Of Hot Water By Saving Money
Let’s find ways to shrink your water bill rather than the water bill shrinking your wallet.
The hot water heater accounts for about 18% of your home’s energy use. Reducing your hot water use, employing energy-savings strategies, and choosing an energy efficient water heater for your home can help you to reduce your monthly water heating bills.
Simple approaches like lowering the heating temperature on your hot water tank, insulating the hot water lines and even adding additional insulation to your hot water tank can have noticeable effects.
One basic and very important thing to remember: If your hot water tank leaks, you need a hot water heater!
One water drip per second wastes 1,661 gallons of water per year and can cost you up to $35 per year.
Install low-flow fixtures. Federal regulations mandate that new showerhead flow rates can’t exceed more than 2.5 gallons per minute (gpm) at a water pressure of 80 pounds per square inch (psi). New faucet flow rates can’t exceed 2.5 gpm at 80 psi or 2.2 gpm at 60 psi. You should be able to purchase some decent low-flow fixtures for under $20.00 a piece and achieve a water savings of 25%-60%.
There are two different types of low-flow showerheads: aerating and laminar flow. Aerating showerheads mix air with water, forming a misty spray. Laminar-flow showerheads form individual streams of water. If you live in a humid climate, you might want to use a laminar-flow showerhead because it won’t create as much steam and moisture as an aerating one.
Before 1992, some showerheads had flow rates of 5.5 gpm. Therefore, if you have fixtures that pre-date 1992, you might want to replace them if you’re not sure of their flow rates. here’s a quick test to determine whether you should replace the showerhead:
1. Place a bucket – marked in gallon increments – under your showerhead.
2. Turn on the shower at the normal water pressure you use.
3. Time how many seconds it takes to fill the bucket to the 1-gallon mark.
If it takes less than 20 seconds to reach the 1-gallon mark, you could benefit from a low-flow showerhead.
The aerator – the screw-on tip of the faucet- ultimately determines the maximum flow rate of a faucet. Typically, new kitchen faucets come equipped with aerators that restrict flow rates to 2.2 gpm, while new bathroom faucets have ones that restrict flow rates from 1.5 to 0.5 gpm.
Aerators are inexpensive to replace and they can be one of the most cost-effective water conservation measures. For maximum water efficiency, purchase aerators that have flow rates of no more than 1.0 gpm. Some aerators even come with shut-off valves that allow you to stop the flow of water without affecting the temperature. When replacing the aerator, bring the one you’re replacing to the store with you to ensure a proper fit.
It’s commonly assumed that washing dishes by hand saves hot water. However, washing dishes by hand several times a day can be more expensive than operating an energy-efficient dishwasher. You can consume less energy with an energy efficient dishwasher when properly used and when only operating it with full loads.
When purchasing a new dishwasher, check the EnergyGuide label to see how much energy it uses. Dishwashers fall into one of two categories: compact capacity and standard capacity. Although compact capacity dishwashers may appear to be more energy efficient on the EnergyGuide label, they hold fewer dishes, which may force you to use it more frequently. In this case, your energy costs could be higher than with a standard capacity dishwasher.
One feature that makes a dishwasher more energy efficient is a booster heater. a booster heater increases the temperature of the water entering the dishwasher to the 140°F recommended for cleaning. Some dishwashers have built-in boosters, while others require manual selection before the wash cycle begins. Some also only activate the booster during the heavy-duty cycle. Dishwashers with booster heaters typically cost more, but they pay for themselves with energy savings in about 1 year if you also lower the water temperature on your water heater.
Another dishwasher feature that reduces hot water use is the availability of cycle selections. Shorter cycles require less water, thereby reducing energy cost.
If you want to ensure that your new dishwasher is energy efficient, purchase one with an ENERGY STAR® label.
Unlike dishwashers, clothes washers don’t require a minimum temperature for optimum cleaning, therefore, to reduce energy costs, you can use either cold or warm water for most laundry loads. Cold water is always sufficient for rinsing.
Inefficient clothes washers can cost three times as much to operate than energy-efficient ones. Select a new machine that allows you to adjust the water temperature and levels for different loads. Efficient clothes washers spin-dry your clothes more effectively too, saving energy when drying as well. Also, front loading machines use less water and, consequently, less energy than top loaders.
Small capacity clothes washers often have better EnergyGuide label ratings. However, a reduced capacity might increase the number of loads you need to run, with could increase your energy costs.
If you want to ensure that your new clothes washer is energy efficient, purchase one with an ENERGY STAR® label.
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